カテゴリーアーカイブ: Republic of Korea

FMD – live burial – groundwater contamination – South Korea

以下、原文の一部掲載
ProMED-mail Archive Number 20110117.0202
Published Date 17-JAN-2011
Subject PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease – S. Korea (05): update
Date: 17 Jan 2011
Source: Voice of America (VOA) [edited]
URL http://www.voanews.com/english/news/asia/South-Korea-Claiming-Upper-Hand-in-Farm-Battle-Against-Foot-and-Mouth-Disease-113871474.html

Nearly 1.7 million animals have been destroyed so far. South Korea, before the culling began, had a total 10 million swine and 3 million cattle.

Live burial 生き埋め
Animal rights activists [動物愛護運動家たち] say most of the pigs and cows ordered destroyed have been buried alive.
Lee Won-bok, the president of South Korea’s Association for Animal Protection, says culling in this manner is illegal and inhumane, but those in the industry do not seem to have any compassion.

Lee Byoung-guan is the deputy director of the National Veterinary Research and Quarantine Service. He says central government authorities never ordered live burials.
Lee [Byoung-guan] says it appears local authorities made their own decisions to kill the animals in this manner.

ProMED-mail Archive Number 20110115.0181
Published Date 15-JAN-2011
Subject PRO/AH> Foot & mouth disease – S Korea (04): update, RFI
[1] Update Date: Sat 15 Jan 2011
Source: Yonhapnews [edited]
URL http://english.yonhapnews.co.kr/business/2011/01/15/8/0501000000AEN20110115001600320F.HTML

[2] Water contamination?
Date: Fri 14 Jan 2011
Source: Circle of Blue [summ., edited]
URL http://www.circleofblue.org/waternews/2011/world/foot-and-mouth-disease%E2%80%94will-mass-animal-burials-cause-water-contamination-in-south-korea/

Foot and mouth disease [FMD] — will mass animal burials contaminate water in South Korea?
groundwater contamination 地下水汚染

For instance, The Korea Times reported last week that tap water [水道水] in a village in Gyeonggi province was contaminated with blood. The news agency reported that residents believe the contamination was related to a livestock slaughter on 31 Dec 2010, when nearly 1000 pigs were buried alive in response to an outbreak of FMD at a nearby farm.

Typically, animals are killed before disposal [処分の前に殺す], but with the outbreak spreading so fast, local authorities did not have the slaughterhouse capacity to follow the rules. Instead, animals within a 500 meter radius of the infected farm were dumped into a pit 5 meters deep that was lined with double-folded vinyl. “It’s possible that the vinyl could be torn by animals struggling [もがいて] to survive,” a quarantine officer told The Korea Times.

[3] Vaccination plans, regaining FMD-free status
Date: Fri 14 Jan 2011
Source: Yonhapnews [edited]
URL http://english.yonhapnews.co.kr/business/2011/01/14/24/0501000000AEN20110114004800320F.HTML

広告

preemptive culling – swine as spreaders – 2001 UK foot-and-mouth crisis

ProMED-mail Archive Number 20110106.0072
Published Date 06-JAN-2011
Subject PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease – S. Korea (02): update
Date: Thu 6 Jan 2011
Source: Korea Times [edited]
URL http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/include/print.asp?newsIdx=79256

殺処分頭数は 100万を超えるであろう…。

The ministry [ of Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries 韓国農業部/ 農林水産食品部 MIFAFF] said that it decided to expand vaccinations as FMD has spread from cattle to other animals {Mod. AS氏解説: It is not clear why cattle are regarded by the ministry as the “spreaders [スプレッダー/ウイルス散布動物]” rather than swine, the latter known as prolific emitters [ウイルス大量放出/排出動物] of the FMD virus.}.

口蹄疫が畜牛から他の動物に伝播しているので、ワクチン接種を拡大すると決定 (韓国 MIFAFF)したが、豚よりも畜牛をウイルスのスプレッダーとした理由は明らかでない。
これまで、ワクチン使用を制限する[対策の]一環として、畜牛のみに接種している (2010年12月25日から、接種した畜牛 120万以上)。

参照ページ
OIE WAHIS データベース Follow-up Report 追跡調査報告 No. 8
URL http://www.oie.int/wahis/public.php?page=single_report&pop=1&reportid=10135
当ブログ https://epizootic.wordpress.com/2010/12/10/fmd-oie-follow-up-south-korea/
疫学的コメント Emergency vaccination against FMD for boars [雄ブタ] and sows [メスの成豚] in some areas started on 6 January 2011.
[2011年1月6日から 一部地域のブタ (雌の成豚および雄)を対象とした 口蹄疫 FMD[ウイルス]ワクチンの緊急接種を始めた。]

ProMED-mail Archive Number 20100509.1520
Published Date 09-MAY-2010
「豚からの口蹄疫ウイルス FMDV 拡大は、直接および間接接触に加えて、エアロゾルによっても起こる。口蹄疫ウイルス 血清型 O の風での拡散は、英国で 1967/8年の広範な動物間流行で、はっきり証明され、また実験的に確認された。豚は非常に大量のウイルスを産生し、天候によって、ウイルスは遠方まで風で運ばれる: 数百メートルから数キロメートルまたは さらに[遠方]。さらに、畜牛は呼吸器感染を非常に受けやすい。…」

ProMED-mail Archive Number 20101227.4557
Published Date 27-DEC-2010
など
豚は口蹄疫 virus ウイルスの prolific emitters 大量放出動物 / “spreaders” スプレッダーである。畜牛は口蹄疫ウイルスに very susceptible 非常に感染しやすい/ “高感受性”動物。

[Mod. AS氏解説:
The following comment has been received from Nick Honhold, a UK-based international consultant veterinary epidemiologist: “I noted the comparison with culling levels in the UK 2001 outbreak. The other interesting comparison is the use of widespread automatic contiguous preemptive culling [広範で自動的・連続的な先制殺処分]. This policy failed to prevent spread in the UK (see various published analyses of the field data from UK) and seemingly has also failed in South Korea”.
]
英国での広範な先制的殺処分対策は口蹄疫拡大を予防できなかった。韓国も同じようである (獣医疫学者 Nick Honhold 氏)。

参照ページ
ProMED-mail Archive Number 20100519.1646 ブログ記事 No. 11
Published Date 19-MAY-2010
「英国 2001年 口蹄疫クライシス(2001年2月19日、感染ブタ発見)では、同国で 1千万頭を超える羊や畜牛が殺処分された。オランダにも拡大し、感染拡大を阻止するため両国でワクチンが使われた。感染農場をワクチン接種した動物で囲う対策で、発生終息後、殺処分となった。…」

OIE – South Korea – FMD free where vaccination is practised

[追加 2010-12-29 08:16]
ProMED-mail Archive Number 20101228.4575
Published Date 28-DEC-2010
Subject PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease – S. Korea (24): spread, vaccination, RFI
Date: Tue 28 Dec 2010
Source: Yonhap News Agency [edited]
URL http://english.yonhapnews.co.kr/news/2010/12/28/66/0200000000AEN20101228008200320F.HTML

South Korea confirmed 4 additional foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) outbreaks on Tuesday [28 Dec 2010], …
… the government announced last Wednesday [22 Dec 2010] that it will opt to vaccinate cattle after nationwide quarantine and decontamination efforts failed to prevent the disease from spreading.

… a total of 60 cases confirmed and more than 471 000 animals ordered destroyed.

[Mod. AS氏解説:
stamping-out policy 口蹄疫 FMD[ウイルス]根絶対策, (全ワクチン接種動物を殺処分しない)緊急ワクチン接種、血清学的サーベイランスを 国際獣疫事務局 OIE 陸生動物衛生規約 Terrestrial Animal Health Code, 条 article 8.5.42 から 8.5.48 に従って適用した場合、FMDウイルスの非構造タンパク NSP [血清]抗体に基づく血清学的検査により、残ったワクチン接種動物に感染がみられないという条件で、最後の症例または最終のワクチン接種(最も新しい発生事例に対して)の後、recovery of free status / regain the status of FMD free country or zone 口蹄疫フリー(清浄)国、地域の復帰のため必要な期間は 6か月である。

It will be interesting to obtain more details on the envisaged vaccination, its scope (quantitatively and geographically), type(s) and age of animals to be vaccinated, and the vaccine to be applied.
]

FMD – pigs – virus emitters and cattle – very susceptible to virus-containing aerosol

[追加 2011-01-13 11:47]
Archive Number 20110110.0120
Published Date 10-JAN-2011
Subject PRO/AH> Foot & mouth disease – Bulgaria (03): (BR) bovine
当ブログ https://epizootic.wordpress.com/2011/01/12/fmdv-o-burgas-bulgaria/
[Mod. AS氏解説:
Turkish Thrace トルコ共和国 トラキア [東ヨーロッパ バルカン半島東端の東トラキア地方]から 口蹄疫ウイルス感染動物の足(口…)または ウイルス汚染した空気を介して ブルガリア国境に入る可能性が現実的である。
壊れていない、厚い防衛フェンスがイスラエル-レバノン国境に沿ってあるが、1992年、イスラエル領内のイノシシの口蹄疫感染拡大を防止できなかった。

リスト動物の上位にある羊の群れ [下記 20070517.1571 持続感染 “宿主”] について 東トラキア地方の徹底的な疫学的サーベイランスは検討に値する。
]

Archive Number 20070517.1571
Published Date 17-MAY-2007
Subject PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease, wild boar – Israel (N.&N.E.)

[Mod. AS氏解説:
(トルコの家畜口蹄疫の感染源としてのイノシシ イスラエルの事例)
It remains to speculate about the origin of these infections and about the possibility that the infected boar may have played the role swine are known to play in FMD epidemiology, namely as virus amplifiers [イノシシの家畜化 = ブタは 口蹄疫ウイルス”増幅”動物 / ウイルス prolific emitters 大量放出動物 / “spreaders” スプレッダー] with the potential of disseminating the virus by air 空気 エアロゾル] (while sheep are regarded to be maintenance hosts [羊は ウイルス持続感染 “宿主”] and cattle are indicators [畜牛は 感染”指標”動物]).

It is worth noting that the Israeli wild boar population is concentrated in areas stretched along the north and northeastern frontiers (upper Galilee, Golan Heights, Jordan valley); similarly to the current epizootic, most past FMD outbreaks in Israel started along these borders (see
).
]

[以下は初回投稿]
ProMED-mail Archive Number 20101227.4557
Published Date 27-DEC-2010
Subject PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease – S. Korea (23): spread, vaccination

H.Nishiura & R.Omori 氏英文論文 宮崎県口蹄疫 疫学的分析[*1] http://goo.gl/0DmEP 韓国口蹄疫の感染マップ(日本語、ProMED-mail 購読者による情報[*2]提供) http://goo.gl/NJiyE ProMEDメール 20101227.4557 一部 [Google URL短縮サービス利用]

Twitter http://twitter.com/TweetMedmail/status/19570778097848320

*1 Epidemiological Analysis of the Foot-and-Mouth Disease Epidemic in Miyazaki, Japan, 2010
*2 The map, published by Chosun online (Japanese edition)

[1] Update as of 25 Dec 2010
Date: 27 Dec 2010 [S. Korean time]
Source: Joongang Daily [edited]
URL http://joongangdaily.joins.com/article/view.asp?aid=2930152
概要は
別ブログエントリー https://epizootic.wordpress.com/2010/12/18/fmd-south-korea-promed-mail/
記載

[2] The Japanese experience
Date: December 2010 (Article 1st published online: 15 Aug 2010)
Source: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases 57 (6) (2010) 396-403 [modified, edited]
URL http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1865-1682.2010.01162.x/abstractAn
Epidemiological Analysis of the Foot-and-Mouth Disease Epidemic in Miyazaki, Japan, 2010
H. Nishiura R. Omori

[Mod. AS氏解説:
The data from Japan underlining the long-known but sometimes forgotten picture of pigs being strikingly effective FMD virus emitters, while cattle are very susceptible (to aerosol infection), are indeed relevant to the S. Korean situation and predictive of the extensive spread of the disease as, unfortunately, became realized there.
]

suspected cases of FMD – Gangwon and South Chungcheong – South Korea

[追加 2010-12-26 08:45]
ProMED-mail Archive Number 20101225.4546
Published Date 25-DEC-2010
Subject PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease – S. Korea (22): OIE follow-up, vaccination
韓国 Foot and mouth disease FMD 口蹄疫
[1] OIE follow-up report
Date: Fri 24 Dec 2010
Source: OIE, WAHID (World Animal Health Information Database), weekly Disease Information 23 (51), 2010 [summarised, edited]
URL http://www.oie.int/wahis/public.php?page=single_report&pop=1&reportid=10086

OIE WAHID Follow-up report Number 6 追跡調査報告
概要掲載ブログエントリー
URL https://epizootic.wordpress.com/2010/12/10/fmd-oie-follow-up-south-korea/

[2] Planned vaccination
Date: Fri 24 Dec 2010
Source: The Korea Herald [edited]
URL http://www.koreaherald.com/national/Detail.jsp?newsMLId=20101224000944

[3] Vaccination started
Date: Sat 25 Dec 2010
Source: Korea Herald [summarized, edited]
URL http://www.koreaherald.com/national/Detail.jsp?newsMLId=20101225000038
[Mod. AS氏解説:
一日で畜牛 133 000頭のワクチン接種計画は実現可能かもしれないが、接種動物の予防になっても、未接種のブタからのウイルス拡散・蔓延を阻止できないであろう。2010年4月8日分離株は血清型O は O/MYA/7/98, a Malaysian SEA genotype/strain, topotype Mya-98 の近縁株であったが、ワクチン株情報は ?]

[追加 2010-12-23 16:34]
朝鮮日報/朝鮮日報日本語版
URL http://www.chosunonline.com/news/20101223000031
「[韓国]政府は[2010年12月] 22日、口蹄(こうてい)疫が全国的に拡大することを防ぐため、牛に予防ワクチンの接種を行う方針を決定した。… 江原道平昌郡、華川郡、春川市にも広がったことから、全国的な拡大を防ぐため、感染地域近隣の牛を対象に、口蹄疫予防ワクチンの接種を決定した …」

[以下は初回投稿]
ProMED-mail Archive Number 20101222.4502
Published Date 22-DEC-2010
Subject PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease – S. Korea (21): (KW, GB) susp.

Date: 21 Dec 2010
Source: Yonhap News [edited]
URL http://english.yonhapnews.co.kr/business/2010/12/21/70/0501000000AEN20101221009000320F.HTML

韓国 Gyeonggi-do 京畿道 [北東部] Gapyeong 加平(カピョン)郡 [ソウル特別市から 60km。東は Gangwon-do 江原道 カンウォン ド に隣接]の a cattle farm 牛の畜産農場 1施設で excessive drooling 過度の流涎(よだれ, りゅうぜん) などを来たした複数の家畜が見つかった [20 Dec 2010]。口蹄疫と確認 [日時の記載なし]されたが、その後、farm minister 韓国農業部 (Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries 農林水産食品部 MIFAFF)は新たに口蹄疫疑い 7件を発表し [日時の記載なし]、うち 2件は Gangwon-do [Province] 江原道 (カンウォン ド)、1件は South Chungcheong Province 忠清南道 チュンチョンナム ド (= Chungcheongnam-do or Chungnam)である。


The country has 100 000 doses of animal vaccines in stock and can import more from abroad if the need arises. [*] There are about 3 million head of cattle and 10 million head of pigs, with smaller numbers of goats, sheep and deer.

[ * Mod. AS氏解説(再掲): ProMED-mail Archive Number 20101220.4489
韓国の口蹄疫ウイルス感受性動物[家畜]数
2009年 OIE 国際獣疫事務局
畜牛 3 079 353 頭 (牛舎 181 404 施設 establishments)
豚 9 584 903 頭 (養豚場 7962 施設)
ヤギ 266 240 頭 (農場 20 534 施設)
鹿 Deer 78 853 頭 (農場 6 095 施設)
]

Seoul, which reported its 1st FMD case in 2000, was hit again in 2002 and 2 more times earlier this year [2010, by 2 different FMD virus types, A and O; the FMFV-O was, probably, similar to the one circulating at present]. In 2000, the government used vaccines to stem the outbreak, although it has opted not to resort to drugs in the years thereafter {2000年、韓国政府は口蹄疫発生を食い止めるためワクチンを使用した。その後の年(2002年、2010年2回 [ブログ投稿者注: OIE報告では本年の発生は計 4回] は薬[ワクチン]に頼るという選択はなかった。}.

[Mod. AS氏解説:
A detailed professional evaluation of the Japanese epizootic, its evolvement, control and lessons to be learned, has not become publicly available so far. The financial loss to Japan’s farming community has been calculated at approximately 235 billion yen [USD 2.8 billion];
see http://www.zenoaq.jp/english/aij/1009.html
and archived 20101211.4414.
引用される貴重な教訓としての公式最終報告書[公開]期待
]

FMD outbreaks – South Korea – WAHID

Event summary: Foot and mouth disease, Korea (Rep. of) 2010
OIE 国際獣疫事務局 WAHID http://www.oie.int/wahis/public.php?page=disease_immediate_summary
[括弧内 発生件数]

[7件] 2010年1月2日発生 同年3月11日終息
URL http://www.oie.int/wahis/public.php?page=event_summary&this_country_code=KOR&reportid=8828
かかりつけ獣医師 1月2日報告。1月3日簡易検査陰性、1月6日陽性、1月7日 NVRQS[国立獣医科学検疫院]検査で確定。

[8件] 2010年4月8日発生 同年6月7日終息
URL http://www.oie.int/wahis/public.php?page=event_summary&this_country_code=KOR&reportid=9126
かかりつけ獣医師 4月8日報告。ELISA検査 陰性。同日 NVRQS 報告 (4月9日確定)

[5件] 2010年4月21日発生 同年6月19日終息
URL http://www.oie.int/wahis/public.php?page=event_summary&this_country_code=KOR&reportid=9166
農場主 4月21日報告。NVRQS 検査陽性 4月22日。感染農場だけでなく周囲 3km以内の全偶蹄類[動物]殺処分。

[2010年12月16日現在 37件] 2010年11月26日発生 拡大中 [ブログエントリー]
URL http://www.oie.int/wahis/public.php?page=event_summary&this_country_code=KOR&reportid=9993
農場主 11月26日報告。同日簡易検査陰性。11月28日、同農場主の他の養豚場の報告。NVRQS 検査 両農場陽性 11月29日。

foot and mouth disease – South Korea – ProMED-mail

[追加 2011-01-04 19:46]
ProMED-mail Archive Number 20110103.0032
Published Date 03-JAN-2011
Subject PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease – S. Korea: spread, vaccination

[1] Date: Mon 3 Jan 2011
Source: Yonhap News via Korea Herald [edited]
URL http://www.koreaherald.com/business/Detail.jsp?newsMLId=20110103000860

韓国口蹄疫(聯合ニュース): 検査結果が来る前に殺処分し、公式に含まれていない数件の発生のほか、計 82件の感染農場[発生]報告。

[2] Date: Tue 4 Jan 2011 [Korean time zone]
Source: Joongang Daily [edited]
URL http://joongangdaily.joins.com/article/view.asp?aid=2930495

[Mod. AS氏解説:
OIE WAHISデータベース Follow-up report No. 7 追跡調査報告 No.7
「口蹄疫ワクチン緊急接種は畜牛のみ対象として2010年12月25日から実施。3道 慶尚北道、江原道、京畿道のいくつかの地域限定で接種。」

“コンタンのブログ”口蹄疫 日韓発生場所 http://goo.gl/q326Q 韓国殺処分動物数(片対数) http://goo.gl/KcVfV [URL短縮 Google/画像直リンク]

OIE追跡調査報告 No. 7(報告日12月31日)は計 61件まで。
韓国口蹄疫 最新の発生 10件(ファーム) 2011年1月3日現在 聯合ニュース http://goo.gl/ifAoo [URL短縮 Google/画像直リンク]

With the given figures of “more than 668 000 head of cattle, pigs, goats and deer” culled/destroyed, this epizootic seems to be underway to catch up [後を追う、追いつく] with Britain’s 2001 FMD epizootic culling figures.

参照 (No. 11)
ProMED-mail Archive Number 20100519.1646 [初版ブログ] 20100519.1646
Published Date 19-MAY-2010
英国 2001年 口蹄疫クライシス (2001年2月19日、感染ブタ発見)で、同国では 1千万頭を超える羊や畜牛が殺処分された。…
]

[追加 2010-12-30 19:18]
ProMED-mail Archive Number 20101229.4587
Published Date 29-DEC-2010
Subject PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease – S. Korea (25): update, alert

[1] Date: 30 Dec 2010 [S. Korea time zone]
Source: Yonhap via Joongang Daily [edited]
URL http://joongangdaily.joins.com/article/view.asp?aid=2930297

In addition, the country’s alert level will be raised to “red [深刻]” — the highest in a 4-tiered response scheme [国家伝染病災難段階 警戒レベル]– to reflect the seriousness of the situation.

The last time Seoul issued a red alert was when the country tried to combat the human influenza A outbreaks in the 2nd half of 2009.

So far, more than 523 000 animals have been ordered to be culled from a total of around 1.5 million cattle, pigs, goats, sheep and deer raised in the country, with losses estimated to exceed 450 billion won [USD 393 million].

[ブログ投稿者注:
日本語の一部は下記 Wikipedia 参照
URL“http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/韓国での口蹄疫の流行_2010年11月から”
]

[追加 2010-12-28 16:31]
ProMED-mail Archive Number 20101227.4557
Published Date 27-DEC-2010
Subject PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease – S. Korea (23): spread, vaccination

[1] Update as of 25 Dec 2010
Date: 27 Dec 2010 [S. Korean time]
Source: Joongang Daily [edited]
URL http://joongangdaily.joins.com/article/view.asp?aid=2930152

2010年12月26日、韓国 Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries 農林水産食品部[MIFAFF] 発表。
京畿道 南東部 Yeoju County 驪州(ヨジュ)郡 [東は江原道南部の原州(ウォンジュ)市に
接する]

 養豚場 1施設 (ブタ 2100頭飼育)
 牛舎 1施設 (乳牛 140頭飼育)

 両農場は FMDウイルス感染が確認された。

京畿道 東部 Icheon 利川(イチョン)市

 養豚場 1施設 (ブタ 5000頭飼育)
 FMDウイルス感染疑い。

There have been 51 infections reported, and more than 325 000 livestock have been ordered to be culled. The Agriculture Ministry estimated losses related to the disease at around 400 billion (USD 347 million).

[追加 2010-12-21 11:40]
ProMED-mail Archive Number 20101220.4489
Published Date 20-DEC-2010
Subject PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease – S. Korea (20): (KG), update

Date: Tue 21 Dec 2010 [Korean time-zone]
Source: Korea Joongang Daily [summarised, edited]
URL http://joongangdaily.joins.com/article/view.asp?aid=2929931

韓国 Gyeonggi-do 京畿道(キョンギ ド)中西部 [ソウル特別市の北西に隣接] Goyang 高陽(コヤン)市の農場 1施設で口蹄疫発生 2010年12月19日 ([下記の] 坡州市の感染農場の南 7.5 km )。
確認 12月20日(韓国 Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries 農林水産食品部 MIFAFF発表)

京畿道 Yangju 楊州(ヤンジュ)市、Yeoncheon 漣川(ヨンチョン)郡の養豚場で口蹄疫発生 12月14日発症

京畿道 [北西] Paju 坡州(パジュ)市 酪農場の乳牛感染 12月15日発症

Over 194 000 animals have been destroyed or are subject to culling, the largest number in the country’s history of the disease.

[以下は初回投稿]
ProMED-mail Archive Number 20101217.4460
Published Date 17-DEC-2010
Subject PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease – S. Korea (19): (KB, KG), update

[1] Date: Fri 17 Dec 2010
Source: Korea JoongAng Daily [edited]
URL http://joongangdaily.joins.com/article/view.asp?aid=2929767

[2010年] 全国で畜牛 および ブタ 計 233 724頭を殺処分した (2002年の口蹄疫発生に際して殺処分した 畜牛 160 155頭を大きく上回る)。
FMD has severely damaged our livestock farmers this year.
Due to its rapid spread, a total of 233 724 cows and pigs have been slaughtered across the country, far exceeding the 160 155 heads of cattle culled in 2002.

[Mod. AS氏解説:
韓国の口蹄疫ウイルス感受性動物[家畜]数
2009年 OIE 国際獣疫事務局

畜牛 3 079 353 頭 (牛舎 181 404 施設 establishments)
豚 9 584 903 頭 (養豚場 7962 施設)
ヤギ 266 240 頭 (農場 20 534 施設)
鹿 Deer 78 853 頭 (農場 6 095 施設)
]

[2] Date: Thu 16 Dec 2010
Source: Korea Times [edited]
URL http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2010/12/117_78152.html

A total of 36 [see comment] farms have been confirmed to be infected with the disease so far, with more than 175 541 livestock slaughtered as a result, the largest ever. In 2002, a total of 165 555 domestic animals were destroyed. Those farms are estimated to suffer more than 300 billion won [261.3 million U.S. dollars] in losses.

[Mod. AS氏解説:
The number of FMD outbreaks in South Korea, as of 16 Dec 2010, is 37, according to South Korea’s follow-up report Number 5, submitted to the OIE on 16 Dec 2010.

Clearly, clinical suspicion of FMD should be followed by immediate initial control measures even if the early tests are negative.
参照: https://epizootic.wordpress.com/2010/12/18/fmd-south-korea-2010/
[T]he measures should be maintained at least until FMD is definitely ruled out by further laboratory and epidemiological investigations.
]

口蹄疫 FMD 韓国 ProMED-mail アーカイブ

Foot & mouth disease – S. Korea (20): (KG), update 20101220.4489 [当ブログエントリー]
Foot & mouth disease – S. Korea (19): (KB, KG), update 20101217.4460 [当ブログエントリー]
Foot & mouth disease – S. Korea (18): (KB, KG), OIE follow-up 20101215.4446
Foot & mouth disease – S. Korea (17): (KG) spread 20101215.4442
Foot & mouth disease – S. Korea (16): (KB), update 20101213.4429
Foot & mouth disease – S. Korea (15): (KB), spread 20101211.4414
Foot & mouth disease – S. Korea (14): (KB) OIE follow-up 20101209.4393
Foot & mouth disease – S. Korea (13): (KB) spread 20101206.4369
Foot & mouth disease – S. Korea (12): (KB), update 20101204.4348
Foot & mouth disease – S. Korea (11): (GN) update 20101201.4321
Foot & mouth disease – S Korea (10): (KB), porcine, bovine, st O 20101130.4312
Foot & mouth disease – S Korea (09): (KB) OIE 20101130.4301
Foot & mouth disease – S Korea (08): (KB) recurs, RFI 20101129.4296
Foot & mouth disease – S. Korea (07): resolved 20100623.2096
Foot & mouth disease – S. Korea (06): (GN) update, wild boar 20100609.1928
Foot & mouth disease – S. Korea (05): (GN), update 20100601.1824
Foot & mouth disease – S. Korea (04): origin, RFI 20100517.1621
Foot & mouth disease – S Korea (03): (GN) update 20100508.1499
Foot & mouth disease – S. Korea (02): update, control 20100503.1441
Foot & mouth disease – S Korea: update, serotype O, genotyping 20100501.1416
Foot & mouth disease, bovine – South Korea (09): porcine 20100429.1394
Foot & mouth disease, bovine – S Korea (12): st O, mainland 20100424.1318
Foot & mouth disease, bovine – S Korea (11): serotype O, update 20100417.1245
Foot & mouth disease, bovine – S Korea (10): serotype O, update 20100414.1205
Foot & mouth disease, bovine – S Korea (09): conf, serotype O, OIE 20100410.1168
Foot & mouth disease, bovine – South Korea (08): susp. RFI 20100408.1140
Foot & mouth disease, bovine – South Korea (07): resolved 20100323.0919
Foot & mouth disease, bovine – South Korea (05): (KG) 20100119.0213
Foot & mouth disease, bovine – South Korea (04): (KG) 20100116.0188
Foot & mouth disease, bovine – South Korea (03): (KG) 20100114.0161
Foot & mouth disease, bovine – South Korea (02): serotype A 20100111.0130
Foot & mouth disease, bovine – North Korea: 2007, serotype 20100108.0095
Foot & mouth disease, bovine – South Korea: (KG), OIE 20100108.0089

FMD – pig farms – Gyeonggi-do – South Korea

ProMED-mail Archive Number 20101215.4442
Published Date 15-DEC-2010
Subject PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease – S. Korea (17): (KG) spread

Date: Wed 15 Dec 2010
Source: The Korea Times [edited]
URL http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2010/12/113_78050.html

口蹄疫発生
韓国 The Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Ministry 農林水産食品部 MIFAFF 発表 [15 Dec 2010]

Gyeonggi-do 京畿道(キョンギ ド) [ province 内に位置する Seoul ソウル特別市、Incheon-gwangyeoksi 仁川広域市は異なる行政区]

北部の隣接している
Yangju 楊州(ヤンジュ)市、Yeoncheon 漣川(ヨンチョン)郡で発生。
経営は同じ農場主。複数の養豚場は、それぞれ ブタ 約 1200頭を飼育。

口蹄疫発生の発端地 Andong 安東(アンドン)市のある North Gyeongsang 慶尚北道(キョンサンブク ト)以外の第一級行政区画に初めて拡大。

[Mod. AS氏解説:
The initial outbreaks in the south east (Andong, late November 2010) and the current outbreaks north of Seoul, started on pig farms; since pigs are readily infected by the oral route, the possibility of animal feed (such as swill [残飯]) as a source of introduced or extended infection deserves to be investigated.
]

FMD – a cattle farm – Uiseong – North Gyeongsang – South Korea

ProMED-mail Archive Number 20101213.4429
Published Date 13-DEC-2010
Subject PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease – S. Korea (16): (KB), update

Date: 14 Dec 2010 [S. Korea time]
Source: The Dong-a Ilbo [edited]
URL http://english.donga.com/srv/service.php3?biid=2010121439198
韓国 口蹄疫発生
North Gyeongsang 慶尚北道(Province) 内 7郡市に拡大。

The disease has thus been found in 7 areas nationwide: Andong 安東(アンドン)市, Yecheon 醴泉(イェチョン)郡, Yeongyang 英陽(ヨンヤン)郡, Bonghwa 奉化郡(ポンファ)郡 [安東市の北に隣接], Yeongju 栄州(ヨンジュ)市, Yeongdeok 盈徳郡(ヨンドク)郡 [英陽郡の東に隣接], Uiseong 義城(ウィソン)郡 [安東市の南に隣接].

計 147 173頭の畜牛を殺処分した。
A combined [total of] 147 173 cows have been culled due to this outbreak.

韓国 The Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Ministry 農林水産食品部 MIFAFF 発表 [13 Dec 2010]
義城(ウィソン)郡 1農場の複数の畜牛は口蹄疫ウイルス検査陽性 (National Veterinary Research and Quarantine Service 国立獣医科学検疫院 NVRQS の検査)。

“The farm owner visited by car an agricultural machine repair shop [農機具修理店] 900 meters away from a farm in Andong on 9 Dec 2010, when the disease was rampant [まん延],” the ministry [MIFAFF] said. “We suspect that the virus was spread via this car.”
Proper control and prevention were not made, however, though the farm owner visited the danger zone (within a 3-km radius).

FMD – a cattle farm – Yeongju – North Gyeongsang – South Korea

ProMED-mail Archive Number 20101211.4414
Published Date 11-DEC-2010
Subject PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease – S. Korea (15): (KB), spread
Date: Sat, 11 Dec 2010
Source: Korea Times [edited]
URL http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/biz/2010/12/123_77837.html

韓国 North Gyeongsang 慶尚北道(province) 最北[安東市の北に隣接] Yeongju 栄州(ヨンジュ)市の 1農場で口蹄疫発生。感染家畜は畜牛 (韓国 Ministry of Agriculture [and Forestry] 農林部発表)。
国内の南東部での発生件数[農場数]は計 35件となった (政府発表 [11 Dec 2010])。

[参照] 口蹄疫ウイルス感染農場数 32ファーム OIE 国際獣疫事務局報告日 2010年12月8日
当ブログエントリー https://epizootic.wordpress.com/2010/12/10/fmd-oie-follow-up-south-korea/

[Mod. AS氏解説:
The South Korean FMD control policy is similar to the Japanese one, namely stamping out without vaccination. On top of the quality of the performance of the prescribed biosecurity measures [所定の防疫対策の実施度・質に加えて] , their prospects of early eradication of the disease depend upon the density of cattle and pig farms [感染農場のある地域内および周囲の畜産農場(ウシ、ブタ)の密度] within and around the affected area and upon the weather [風雨などの天候]. Certain weather conditions have been shown to influence airborne spread of the virus, particularly from infected pigs.
]